Common Orthodontic Issues

Crowding of the teeth

When teeth are crowded, they trap more food and plaque. Overlapped teeth are also harder to floss and brush. Once the teeth are straight, they are much easier to keep clean! 

Spacing of the Teeth

When you have gaps between your teeth, you may not like how they look.  Small spaces can also cause food impaction leading to gum concerns.  Once we close the spaces, we will often place a permanent retainer behind your teeth to keep the spaces closed.

Deep overbite - Lower front teeth bite into palate

When the top teeth cover the bottom teeth too much, it can cause excessive wear on the front teeth. A deep overbite can also cause excessive pressure on your palate leading to trauma over time. 

Open bite - Front teeth don't touch

Some open bites are caused by habits such as thumb sucking.  In other people, it is related to how their jawbones grow.  Open bites can lead to speech and chewing difficulties.


Overjet - Protruding Front teeth

When the top teeth stick out too far in front of the bottom teeth, this is known as an overjet.  With a large overjet, chewing certain foods can be difficult and the front teeth are at a higher risk of fracture.  


The top teeth should sit right outside the bottom teeth just like a lid over a jar.  If any of the top teeth are inside the bottom teeth, this is called a crossbite.  Crossbites of the back teeth often require expansion to correct.  Without correction, crossbites can cause shifting of the jaw which can lead to further jaw or growth concerns. 

Missing or misshaped lateral incisors

It is relatively common to have lateral incisors that are missing or small. There are often several treatment options for addressing these concerns. Whether you are missing or have misshapen teeth, we will work with your dentist to restore your teeth to their ideal size and shape.


When the lower jaw extends beyond the upper jaw, it is called an underbite.  Depending on the severity and age, there are many different treatment options to correct this concern.